Breast cancer is one of the most common life-threatening diseases affecting women. In this article, we will discuss in brief what exactly breast cancer is, associated risks, symptoms and the treatment options.
What Is Breast Cancer?
As per science, when the cells inside the breast begin to grow out of control (or abnormal growth of cells inside the breast), the affected cells invade the healthy cells of a normal body causing breast cancer. If you are suffering from this illness, you may have to get the best treatment from the best cancer hospital in India.
Risk Factors of Breast Cancer:
Being a woman is the strongest risk factor for breast cancer. Women are 100 times more likely to develop breast cancer than men.
Breast cancer is a common disease among the ageing women and so the risk factor is also more with increasing age. According to a study, 75% of breast cancer cases are found in women above 50 years of age, while 25% are diagnosed with it in their 30s.
The risk of breast cancer also depends on family history. Women with a mother, sister or daughter with breast cancer are likely to have more chances of getting the disease in future, but it is not always true.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer:
The size of the breast changes with age and at different times of the month. So, you should be aware of the difference so that you can easily spot whether the changes are minor or unusual.
Most breast cancer symptoms need professional screening and laboratory testing in order to find it out. However, in some cases, the symptoms can be seen just by examining the breast health.
Generally, you can feel a lump either on the upper chest, breast or even in the armpit. You can also feel the sudden thickening of the breast tissue with pain. The texture of the breast may change with difference in size or shape. Normally, the direction of the nipple should be pointing out, but positive symptoms of breast cancer will show inverted nipple. Unusual discharge from one or both the nipples is also a symptom of the disease.
Breast cancer treatment is not an easy task. Hence, a team of expert doctors such as surgeons, radiation oncologists, and medical oncologists work together.
People from the higher age group (like above 65 years of age) are kept under the observation of a geriatrician all the time. The treatment process varies from patient to patient because some patients may have smaller tumours, but they grow fast, while for some it is vice-versa.
Surgery is one of the main aspects for treating this disease where removal of the tumour is done. Some patients may even need breast reconstruction where plastic surgery comes into action. Tissues from other part of the body are taken in order to re-construct a breast, which is also known as synthetic implant.